Innovative One WASH for Sustainable Development: Ethiopia

On the 4th and 5th of February, 2014 the Ethiopia Water and Sanitation (WASH) met at the Ghion Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia for the 6th Annual Multi-Stakeholder Forum with the theme of “Innovative One WASH for Sustainable Development”. It was a huge event with about 500 participants from Government, NGO, private and donor sectors.

Excellency Federal Minister of Water Irrigation and Energy, Ato Alemayhu Tegene
Excellency Federal Minister of Water Irrigation and Energy, Ato Alemayhu Tegene

The event was graced by the presence of  Excellency Federal Minister of Water Irrigation and Energy, Ato Alemayhu Tegene, Excellency State Minister of Water Irrigation and Energy, Ato Kebede Gerba, Excellency State Minister of Education, Ato Fuad Ibrahim and Excellency State Minister of Health, Dr. Kebede Worku.

Among the many discussions the ONE WASH Sector Wide Approach dominated the discussion. The participants agreed more focus is needed on urban WASH and sustainability monitoring and UNICEF and WHO need to provide a measurement of where the country is pre 2015 Millennium Development Goals.

During his keynote speech, UNICEF Representative to Ethiopia and DAG WASH Sector Working Group co-chair, Dr. Peter Salama made three points that are crucial to fulfil the remaining commitments to improve access to safe water and sanitation. And one of his points read “we need to reinforce our efforts in addressing open defecation in urban areas.”

Miniters visit exhibition at the sixth One WASH Multi-Sector Forum“The Government of Ethiopia has pledged to the Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) to achieve 82 per cent open defecation free Ethiopia by 2015. This ambitious goal requires the sector to devise and implement a comprehensive Urban Sanitation Strategy which provides clear guidance on the minimum package for urban sanitation including faecal, liquid and solid waste management and disposal. UNICEF, DFID, JICA and other partners are committed to support the Government in prioritizing urban sanitation. As noted in the ONE WASH programme document, to improve WASH services in small towns, for example, will require an additional US$96 million for sanitation in the coming 5 years. We call upon all partners to join hands with us on this game changing strategy to make Ethiopia open defection free.”

38,000 health extension workers bring health services to the doorstep of rural Ethiopians

By Sacha Westerbeek

Ethiopia, 2012. A young girl in the arms of her caregiver – interacting with UNICEF’s Sacha Westerbeek and Health Extension worker in Romey Village, North Shoa Zone, Amhara Region. Photo credit: UNICEF Ethiopia/2012/Getachew

Even before I joined UNICEF Ethiopia in June 2011, I had heard about its impressive health extension programme: health care is decentralised and over 30,000 health workers are deployed throughout the country and on Government payroll. A great story to tell!

By now, I’ve visited many health posts, run by these amazing women, generally in their early twenties from rural communities, dynamic and dedicated. Being educated and given the opportunity to work in their community, you can really see how this transforms their lives and status within the society in addition to the gains made in terms of health care. When one speaks about health in Ethiopia, I think about the health extension workers. To me, these young women represent the true heroes, or more precisely heroines, and one of the reasons why Ethiopia is doing so well in terms of its health indicators.

“Ethiopia Achieves the Child Survival Millennium Development Goal (MDG), three years ahead of time.” If you don’t follow global health debates closely, you may have missed this news, which broke the news in September 2013 and seriously hit the roofs in this nick of the woods.

Ethiopia, 2012. Health Extension Worker Haimanot Hailu and her partner walk through Romey Kebele (sub-district) North Shoa Zone, Amhara Region, for home visits carrying vaccine carriers. ©UNICEF Ethiopia/2012/Getachew

How did this happen in terms of policy choices? Around ten years ago, in order to address the increasing urban-rural gap in access to health services, the Government of Ethiopia launched the Health Extension Programme (HEP). This package of interventions was carefully tailored to the major causes of childhood mortality and morbidity – the epidemiology determined the priorities. The early years were not easy and, at several junctures, the system almost collapsed under the weight of expectations and the urgent imperative of delivering services to more than 80 million people in a vast and diverse country. And yet, every year, starting from a focus on basic prevention (insecticide treated nets, vaccination), the system has become stronger and stronger. Incrementally, best practice in curative-oriented, primary health care from around the world has been integrated into the HEP. So too has a multi-sectoral agenda that attempts to address root causes of childhood disease, such as food and nutrition security and water and sanitation. Community-based treatment of diarrhoea, pneumonia, malaria, severe acute malnutrition and, most recently, new-born sepsis and the inclusion of new vaccines, are all now central components.

Today, 38,000 health extension workers are deployed bringing health services to the doorstep of its rural people with real resources – becoming the cornerstone of the health system. Through my visits throughout this enormous country, I can see that the programme is sustainable and that the bilateral government donors, the World Bank and UN agencies, NGOs and civil society, philanthropic foundations, and the private sector, have all played a key role through their funding, their programmatic, operational and technical assistance, and their belief that Ethiopia could achieve the goals. Ethiopia could not have done this alone.

Read the full article here